|Taxus wallichiana , Barmi TREE IN PAKISTAN
By syed kamal hussain shah
The Himalayan Yew is a species of yew, native to the Himalaya (Pakistan , India, Napal ( from Afghanistan east .Taxus wallichiana Zucc., known as Himalayan yew, belongs to the family Taxaceae. It is a medium-sized, temperate, Himalayan forest tree of medicinal importance. In India, this evergreen tree is found at altitudes between 1800 and 3300 m above mean sea level (MSL). It has been used by the native populations for treating common cold, cough, fever, and pain. Its uses are described in Ayurveda and Unani medicine. It received attention recently as its leaves and bark were found to be the prime source of taxol, a potent anticancer drug. It possesses many other biological activities also. We focus on its importance in traditional medicine for its multiple medicinal properties.In Pakistan, decoction of the stem is used in the treatment of tuberculosis. The bark and leaves of T. wallichiana are used in Unani medicine as a source of the drug Zarnab, which is prescribed as a sedative, aphrodisiac, and as a treatment for bronchitis, asthma, epilepsy, snake bite, and scorpion stings. Young shoots of the plant are used in Ayurveda to prepare a tincture for the treatment of headache, giddiness, feeble and falling pulse, coldness of extremities, diarrhea, and severe biliousness.